11/04/2017· The four major steps in the production of marketable copper are mining, concentrating, smelting, and refining. In a few instances, however, leaching takes the place of concentrating, smelting, and refining. At present, although considerable leaching and direct smelting ores are produced, the bulk of the copper ore mined is concentrated.
Processing of Copper Ore The first step in processing the ore removed from the mine is to break the large rocks of ore into smaller pieces. This is accomplished by a variety of subsequent processing steps.
Each step in the copper process focuses on removing increasing amounts of unwanted materials, turning ore into concentrate and then finished metals. Our Aktogay project commenced production of copper cathode from oxide ore via SX/EW in December 2015 and the main sulphide concentrator at Aktogay commenced commissioning in December 2016.